Archives and Dealing with the Past - A Collection of Resources

This collection of resources is compiled on an ongoing basis and contains resources in English, French, German and Spanish, while the website selection contains other languages as well.

The collection makes no claim to be complete. For feedback or suggestions, please contact:

The resources are listed along the following categories:

1. UN Reports

2. Manuals and Guidelines

3. Blogs and Newsletters

4. Software, Databases and Online Services

5. Website Selection:

    Organizations and Working Groups

   Exhibitions / Virtual Museums

   Research and Documentation Centres, Human Rights Archives 

6. Publications

The Resource Collection is also available for download (pdf).

1. UN Reports

UNESCO General Conference, 2015.
Adopted Draft Recommendation Concerning the Preservation of, and Access to, Documentary Heritage Including in Digital Form, 30 July 2015
UNESCO General Conference, 38th session, Paris, 2015. Link

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2015.
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence, Pablo de Greiff, Annex: Set of general recommendations for truth commissions and archives, pp. 27ff.
7 September 2015, A/HRC/30/42. Link

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2011.
Report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the seminar on experiences of archives as a means to guarantee the right to the truth
14 April 2011, A/HRC/17/21. Link

United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2009.
Right to the Truth. Report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
21 August 2009, A/HRC/12/19. Link

UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), 2005.
UN Economic and Social Council Resolution 2005/30: Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law
25 July 2005, E/RES/2005/30. Link

UN Commission on Human Rights, 2005.
Report of the independent expert to update the Set of Principles to combat impunity
18 February 2005, E/CN.4/2005/102. Link

UN Commission on Human Rights, 2005.
Report of the independent expert to update the Set of principles to combat impunity, Addendum
18 February 2005, E/CN.4/2005/102/Add.1. Link

UNESCO, 1997.
Archives of the Security Services of Former Repressive Regimes
Report by Antonio González-Quintana prepared for UNESCO on behalf of the International Council on Archives. Link

UN Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, 1997.
Question of the impunity of perpetrators of human rights violations (civil and political)
26 June 1997, E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/20. Link

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2. Manuals and Guidelines

Amnesty International and CODESRIA, 2000.
Ukweli: Monitoring and Documenting Human Rights Violations in Africa.

Micro-thesauri: A tool for documenting human rights violations. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2012.
Principles of Access to Archives
International Council on Archives, Committee on Best Practices and Standards. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2005.
Application of ISAD(G) for Human Rights Archives
International Council on Archives. Link

Koford, Amelia, 2011.
Tutorial for Archival Research on Women's Human Rights
The University of Texas at Austin. Link

Le Goff, Armelle and International Council on Archives (ICA), 2011.
The Records of NGO's: Memory to be shared: A practical guide in 60 questions
International Council on Archives, Paris. Link

Moore, Ruth, 2008.
Conversation Guide on Dealing with the Past
Healing Through Remembering, Belfast. Link

Witness Archive Guide, 2013.
Activists’ Guide to Archiving Video
WITNESS. Link (pdf)

Nunez, Bryan, 2012.
Introducing InformaCam, The Next Release of the SecureSmartCam Project

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2004.
Istanbul Protocol: Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Professional Training Series no 8/Rev. 1, HR/P/PT/8/Rev.1. Link

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2015.
Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States: Archives
UN, New York/Geneva, 2015. Link

Open Society Justice Initiative, 2004.
Access to Information Monitoring Tool: Report from a Five-Country Pilot Study
Open Society Institute, New York/Budapest/Abuja. Link (pdf)

Pearce-Moses, Richard, 2012.
A Glossary of Archival and Records Terminology
Society of American Archivists. Link

Rosenstein, Barbara J.; Hedges, Ronald J. et al., 2007.
Managing Discovery of Electronic Information: A Pocket Guide for Judges
Federal Judicial Center, Washington D.C. Link

Rushing, Amy; Anderson, Summer et al., 2012.
Human Rights Documentation Initiative Metadata Guidelines for Audio, Version 1.1
University of Texas Libraries, Austin. Link

Rushing, Amy; Anderson, Summer et al., 2012.
Human Rights Documentation Initiative Metadata Guidelines for Video, Version 1.2
University of Texas Libraries, Austin. Link

Syria Justice and Accountability Centre, 2014.
Manual: Documenting Human Rights and Humanitarian Law Violations in Syria
Syria Justice and Accountability Centre, The Hague/Washington D.C. Link

USC Shoah Foundation Institute, 2010.
USC Shoah Foundation Institute Thesaurus (Abridged)
University of Southern California. Link (pdf)

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3. Blogs and Newsletters


Archivists Watch
– A nexus between information and social justice.

HURIDOCS Blog and News

ICT 4 Peacebuilding – Exploring the use of information and communications technology for conflict transformation.

International Council on Archives List-serv

Librarians and Human Rights Blog

Newsletters of the ICA Human Rights Working Group

The Documentalist – The Human Rights Blog for the Center for Research Libraries, Global Resources Network.

Tombouctou Manuscripts Project Blog and News

UNREDACTED. The National Security Archive, unedited and uncensored

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4. Software, Databases and Online Services

Archive-it Archiving service that allows the user to collect, catalog and manage his own digital collection

eyeWitnessAppEasy-to-use camera app that safely captures and stores metadata important for accountability and justice

Guide to Archives of International Organizations UNESCO database that presents the holdings and how to access the archives of international organisations

Human Rights Documentation InitiativeInitiative committed to long-term preservation of fragile and vulnerable records, promotion and secure usage of archival materials, and the advancement of research and advocacy. University of Texas, USA

Human Rights Web ArchiveInitiative to select, preserve and provide access to internet resources, specifically at-risk websites. Columbia University Libraries and Center for Human Rights Documentation and Research, USA

IFLA Risk Register for Documentary Cultural HeritageOffers institutions, organisations and individuals from all countries/regions, holding unique documentary heritage collections in areas at risk of natural disasters or conflict, to register their collections with the IFLA Risk Register. Aims at compatibility with Blue Shield and UNESCO activities in this area

Martus A secure information management tool to create a database and back this data up remotely to your choice of publicly available servers, developed within Benetech’s Human Rights program

Mukurtu CMS 2.0 A community oriented digital archive and content management platform

Multilingual Archival TerminologyAn interactive, online database of archival terminology usage

New Tactics in Human Rights Online Conversation on “Archiving Human Rights for Advocacy, Justice and Memory”
(An online platform for dialogues on practical human rights related issues, see also search function for past conversations)

OpenEvsysDatabase application to record human rights violations and analyse data

Open Society Archives (OSA)Collects, preserves and makes accessible documents related to recent history and human rights, develops archiving tools. Archival Laboratory at the Central European University, Budapest, HUN

Parallel Archive (PA)A personal scholarly workspace, research network and digital repository, developed by OSA

Responsible Data ForumCollaborative effort to develop useful tools and strategies for dealing with the ethical, security and privacy challenges facing data-driven advocacy

Transitional Justice Database ProjectGlobal data base of over 1000 dealing with the past mechanisms (Trials, TRCs, Reparations, etc.). University of Wisconsin, USA

Truth Commission Digital CollectionDigital collection that contains decrees establishing truth commissions and similar bodies of inquiry worldwide, and the report issued by such groups. United States Institute of Peace, USIP

UshahidiSoftware tools for information collection, visualization and interactive mapping

Websites at riskOffers access to security copies of several websites about human rights in Sri Lanka

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5. Website Selection

Organizations and Working Groups

Archivists without Borders
(international organization of archivists that collaborate in the development of cooperation projects and solidarity in the field of archival science and documentary heritage; affiliated countries are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Spain, Ecuador, France, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay)

European Coordination Committee on Human Rights Documentation
(holds annual meetings to exchange information and experiences on human rights documentation)

Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG) (USA)
(develops information technology solutions and statistical techniques to help human rights advocates build evidence-based arguments)

Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) of the International Council on Archives (ICA)
(HRWG disseminates information on the importance of archives to defend human rights, develops standards and norms documents, runs projects and publishes a monthly newsletter)

HURIDOCS (Switzerland)
(NGO that develops tools and techniques to document human rights violations and a network platform for human rights NGOs to exchange experiences and best practices)

International Center for Transitional Justice - ICTJ (USA)
(international NGO specialized in transitional justice)

International Coalition of Sites of Conscience
(worldwide network of historic sites, museums and initiatives dedicated to remembering past struggles and addressing their contemporary legacies)

Swisspeace’s Archives and Dealing with the Past Project – (Switzerland)
(supports and initiates archival and documentation projects related to dealing with the past mechanisms)

TRIAL – Track impunity Always (Switzerland)
(NGO that fights against impunity of the most serious crimes by a large number of projects in the areas of litigation, public information, lobbying and research)

Videre Est Credere (UK)
(NGO that provides equipment and training to safely gather video evidence of human rights violations, and verifies, archives and distributes material to those who can create change)

Witness - See it. Film it. Change it. (USA)
(focuses on video advocacy work: training and support in the use of video and storytelling as tools to document human rights violations)

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Exhibitions / Virtual Museums

FAMA Collection – Siege of Sarajevo 1992-1996 (BiH)
(broad virtual collection of events, places and human experiences of the Siege of Sarajevo)

no voices, no faces – nobody we knew. ICA online exhibition
(an online exhibition that underlines the crucial role of archives in the fight against violations of human rights)

Sound Archives - European memories of THE GULAG (FR)
(this virtual museum collected statements of former deportees, photographs, documents from public and private archives and films on the deportation of people from European territories to the Gulag from 1939 to 1953)

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Research and Documentation Centres, Human Rights Archives

AAAS – American Association for the Advancement of Science (Washington)
(collection of resources of scientific responsibility, human rights & law program, which addresses the ethical, legal and human rights issues related to the conduct and application of science and technology)

Akevot Institute for Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Research

Archivo Nacional de la Memoria (ANM) (Argentina)
(the ANM is a decentralized body within the competence of the National Human Rights Secretariat and was created to reconstruct and preserve historic and social memory especially on the infringement of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Argentina)

Armenian National Institute (Washington)
(the ANI is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to the study, research, and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide. It collects and organizes documentation attesting to and preserving the memory of the Armenian Genocide, with extensive archival holdings from American, British, French, Vatican, and other official repositories)

Brasil: Nunca Mais Digital (Brazil)
(collection of nearly one million pages of digitized court documents from Brazil's Military Supreme Court documenting over 7000 cases between 1964 and 1979) 

B'Tselem – Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories
(collects and publishes testimonies and comprehensive reports on human rights violations in the occupied territories. Video documentation is one of the central components of the NGO's work) 

Center for Research, Documentation and Publication (Kosovo)
(aims to advocate for Transitional Justice through the development of objective memory and the promotion of initiatives that normalize community and regional relationships)

CSVR – The Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation (South Africa)
(since 1994 CSVR runs a transitional justice programme that engages in research and interventions projects on amnesty, accountability, reintegration, memory, reparations, truth etc. They co-edit the renowned International Journal on Transitional Justice)

DC-Cam The Documentation Center of Cambodia
(independent research institute that has been documenting the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge era since 1995)

Documenta – Center for Dealing with the Past (Croatia)
(founded by several peace building NGOs to encourage and initiate dealing with the past-processes and public dialogue and to establish factual truth by collecting data and research on war events and trials)

DWP Kosovo – Dealing with the Past (Kosovo)
(initiative/online platform to present and initiate projects related to dealing with the past in Kosovo)

Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the former GDR (Germany)
(ensures management, preservation, and access to records and archives of the Stasi)

Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum Kriegsverbrecherprozesse, Philipps-Universität Marburg (Germany)
(international research and documentation centre on war crimes trials)

Humanitarian Law Center, Belgrade (Serbia)
(supports post-Yugoslav societies in dealing with their past through research and documentation on human rights violations, justice and institutional reform and public information and outreach)

Human Rights Archive, Duke University Libraries (USA)
(collects and provides access to materials generated by organizations and individuals working in the field of human rights)

Institut Supérieur d’ Histoire du Mouvement National (Tunisia)
(ISHMN is known for their broad archival holdings on the colonial history, but also involved in archives and human rights questions related to the recent history in Tunisia)

Institute of National Remembrance (Poland)
(responsible for gathering, assessing, disclosing and custody of documentation created between 1944-1989 by Polish security agencies, including records on repression and crimes against Polish citizens)

Kigali Genocide Archive (Rwanda)
(collects, archives and disseminates records on the 1994 genocide against Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda; e.g. oral testimonies, maps, transcripts of gacaca court proceedings, radio etc.)

KontraS – The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (Indonesia)
(broad activities in the promotion of human rights and dealing with the past initiatives in Indonesia)

Memoria Abierta (Argentina)
(collected and made accessible a broad range of documents on the military dictatorship in Argentina in order to construct and preserve a collective memory)

Memorial (Russia)
(awareness-building and research activities that aim to restore historical memory, advocate human rights, and commemorate victims of political repression)

National Security Archive, George Washington University (USA)
(pioneer in evidence-based research and primary source documentation on international affairs: Among other functions the NSA is a library and research archive of declassified U.S. documents)

Pervasive Monuments, Horizon Digital Economy Research, University of Nottingham (UK)
(project that seeks to investigate the ways in which mobile, internet and other digital technologies are currently being, and might be, used to build and support monuments and lasting memorials)

Platform of European Memory and Conscience
(platform project of several organizations that are active in research and documentation, education and awareness raising about the totalitarian regimes in the Visegrad region in the 20th century)

Protocols for Native American Archival Materials (USA)
(the protocols are a set of best professional practices for culturally responsive care and use of indigenous archival material; the protocols focus on American Indian archival material held by non-tribal organizations, but are also interesting for other contexts)

Reconstructing Historical Memory
(resource materials on storytelling, historical clarification, documentation, truth telling, and memory work initiatives; a project by the Historical Memory Commission of the Center of Memory of Colombia and the University of British Columbia)

Security Services Archives (Czech Republic)
(ensures management, preservation, and access to archival material of security services of former totalitarian regimes in Czechoslovakia)

SENSE Online Documentation Center “Storm in the Hague”
The first SENSE online documentation center, a comprehensive, interactive narrative “Storm in the Hague” about the ICTY’s work on the operation “Storm” by the Croatian military in August 1995. It was created in cooperation with the Serbian National Council (SNV) in Croatia and Documenta - Centre for Dealing with the Past.

Sleuk Rith Institute (Cambodia)
A center for genocide studies founded by DC-Cam. It consists of a museum, a research center and a school to learn about the Khmer Rouge era.

South African History Archives – SAHA
(independent human righst archive dedicated to documenting and providing access to archival holdings that relate to past and contemporary struggles for justice in South Africa)

Zochrot (Israel)
(NGO whose goal is to introduce the Palestinian Nakba to the Israeli-Jewish public. The website offers testimonies, maps of destroyed Palestinian villages etc.)

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6. Publications (Monographs, Articles)



Adam, Dawne, 1998.
The Tuol Seng Archives and the Cambodian Genocide

in: Archivaria 45 (Spring 1998), pp. 5-26. Link

Adami, Tom. A, and Hunt, Martha, 2005.
Genocidal Archives: The African Context – Genocide in Rwanda
in: Journal of the Society of Archivists, Vol. 26, Issue 1 (2005), pp. 105-121.

Alberch I Fugueras, Ramón, 2008.
Archivos y Derechos Humanos
in: Colección Archivos siglo XXI, 7, TREA, Gijòn.

Archivo Histórico de la Policía Nacional, 2011.
Del Silencio a la Memoria. Relevaciones del Archivo Histórico de la Policía Nacional
Colección de Informes, 1, Guatemala. Link

Arias, Virginia, 2010.
Archivos y derechos humanos en América. La Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 123-130.

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Baets, Antoon de, 2009.
Responsible History
Berghahn Books, New York/Oxford.

Baets, Antoon de, 2004.
The Dictator's Secret Archives. Rationales for their Creation, Destruction and Disclosure
in: Arend H. Huussen et al. (ed.), Scholary Environments: Centres of Learning and Institutional Contexts 1560-1960, Louvain, pp. 181-196. Link

Barrera, Giulia, 2011.
Secrets and Files: Access to Archives in Italy from WWII to the Present
in: Acervo, Revista do Arquivo Nacional 24 (1/Suplemento), pp. 69-84. Link

Barrera, Giulia, 2010.
Of condors and judges: archival musings over a judicial investigation
in: Archival Science 9 (3-4), pp. 203-214. Link

Bartosek, Karel, 1996.
Les aveux des archives: Prague-Paris-Prague, 1948-1968 (Archives du communisme)
Le Seuil, Paris.

Bickford, Louis; Karam, Patricia et al. (Documentation Affinity Group), 2006.
Documenting Truth
International Center for Transitional Justice, New York. Link

Bickford, Louis, 2000.
Human Rights Archives and Research on Historical Memory: Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay
in: Latin American Research Review, 35 (2), University of Texas Press, pp. 160-182. Link

Blanco Rivera, Joel A., 2012.
Archives as Agents of Accountability and Justice. An Examination of the National Security Archive in the Context of Transitional Justice in Latin America
Dissertation. Graduate Faculty of School of Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh. Link

Blanco Rivera, Joel A., 2005.
The Forbidden Files. Creation and Use of Surveillance File against the Independence Movement in Puerto Rico
in: The American Archivist, 68 (2), pp. 297-311

Bocia, Alfredo; González Vera, Myrian et al., 2006.
Es Mi Informe. Los Archivos Secretos de la Policía de Stroessner
Centro de Documentación y Estudios, Asunción. Link

Boriak, Hennadii, 2004.
Voting for or against the access to archives of special services responsible for the violation of human rights. Reviewing the last decade in Ukraine.
in: Archives of Ukraine, 3 (254), pp. 31-37. Link

Boucher Krebs, Allison, 2012.
Native America’s twenty-first-century right to know
in: Archival Science, 12/2, p. 173-190.

Busse, Meter und Unverhau, Dagmar, 2001.
Die Rolle der Archive in der politischen Auseinandersetzung um die Aufarbeitung der Vergangenheit
Studien und Quellen, Etudes et sources / Schweizerisches Bundesarchiv, 27, pp. 203-231. Link

Butler, Beverley, 2009.
‘Othering’ the archive – from exile to inclusion and heritage dignity: the case of Palestinian archival memory
in: Archival Science, 09/9, pp. 57-69.

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Canavaggio, Perrine y Joinet, Louis, 2005.
La Rehabilitación de las Víctimas: Archivos Contra el Olvido
in: Boletín acal: revista trimestral de la Asociación de Archiveros de Castilla y León (ACAL), 15 (55/56), pp. 21-22.

Canavaggio, Perrine, 2011.
Vers un droit d’accès à l’information publique au Maroc - Etude comparative avec les normes et les meilleures pratiques dans le monde
Bureau de l’UNESCO pour l’Algérie, le Maroc, la Mauretanie et la Tunisie, Rabat. Link

Castan, Melissa and Debeljak, Julie, 2012.
Indigenous peoples’ human rights and the Victorian Charter: a framework for reorienting recordkeeping and archival practice
in: Archival Science, 12/2, pp. 213-233.

Caswell, Michelle, 2014.
Toward a survivor-centered approach to records documenting human rights abuse: lessons from community archives
in: Archival Science, Vol. 14, Issue 3 (October 2014), pp. 307-322.

Caswell, Michelle, 2010.
Khmer Rouge archives: accountability, truth, and memory in Cambodia
in: Archival Science, Vol. 10, Issue 1 (March 2010), pp. 25-44.

Center for Research Libraries, 2012.
Human Rights Electronic Evidence Study. Final Report. Link

Chapman, Audrey and Ball, Patrick, 2001.
The Truth of Truth Commissions: Comparative Lessons from Haiti, South Africa, and Guatemala
in: Human Rights Quarterly, 23/1, pp. 1-43.

Cook, Michael, 2006.
Professional ethics and practice in archives and records management in a human rights context
in: Journal of the Society of Archivists, 27 (1), pp. 1-15.

Cook, Terry, 2013.
Evidence, memory, identity, and community: four shifting archival paradigms
in: Archival Science, Vol. 13, Issue 2 (June 2013), pp. 95-120.

Cook, Terry and Schwartz, Joan M., 2002.
Archives, Records, and Power: The Making of Modern Memory
in: Archival Science, 2, pp. 1-19.

Cox, Richard J. and Wallace, David A. (Eds.), 2002.
Archives and the Public Good: Accountability and Records in Modern Society
Quorum Books, Westport.

Cruz, María Angélica, 2002.
Silencios, contingencias y desafíos: el Archivo de la Vicaría de la Solidaridad en Chile
in: Ludmila Da Silva Catela et. al. (ed.), Los archivos de la represión: documentos, memoria y verdad, Madrid, pp. 137-178.

Cruz, Ruth, 2010.
Los Archivos de Derechos Humanos en Perú
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, Issue 2 (2010), pp. 131-143.

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Da Silva Catela, Ludmila, 2002.
Territorios de memoria política
in: Ludmila Da Silva Catela et. al. (Eds.), Los archivos de la represión: documentos, memoria y verdad, Madrid, pp. 15-85.

Da Silva Catela, Ludmila y Jelin, Elisabeth, (Eds.), 2002.
Los archivos de la represión: documentos, memoria y verdad
Colección Memorias de la represión, 4, Siglo XXI, Madrid.

Dirks, John M., 2004.
Accountability, History, and Archives: Conflicting Priorities or Synthesized Strands?
in: Archivaria, 57 (Spring 2004), pp. 29-49.

Divack, Alan, 2004.
The Ford Foundation's Support For Human Rights Archives
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, 2 (2004), pp. 119-124.

Dominy, Graham, 2013.
Overcoming the apartheid legacy: the special case of the Freedom Charter
in: Archival Science, Vol. 13, Issue 2 (June 2013), pp. 195-205.

Dominy, Graham, 2005.
“We must remember our past so that we do not repeat it": archiving and accessing the records of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, 1 (2005), pp. 1-7.

Dong, Lorraine, 2012.
The economics and politics of international preservation collaborations: a Malian case study
in: Archival Science, Vol. 12, Issue 3 (September 2012), pp. 267-285.

Doyle, Kate, 2007.
The Atrocity Files. Deciphering the Archives of Guatemala's Dirty War
in: Harper's Magazine, Dec Issue, pp. 52-64. Link

Duff, Wendy and Harris, Verne, 2002.
Stories and Names: Archival Description as Narrating Records and Constructing Meanings
in: Archival Science, 2, pp. 263-285.

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Eastwood, Terry, 2002.
Reflections on the Goal of Archival Appraisal in Democratic Societies
in: Archivaria, 54, pp. 59-71.

Eckert, Astrid M., 2012.
The struggle for the Files. The Western Allies and the Return of German Archives after the Second World War
Cambrige University Press.

El Yazami, Driss, 2007.
Transition politique, histoire et mémoire : réflexions sur l’expérience de la commission marocaine pour la vérité
in: La Gazette des archives, 206, 2.

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Ferrari, Damian, 2005.
Open Memory: Using inter-institutional cooperation to facilitate access to human rights
New Tactics Project of the Center for Victims and Torture. Link

Force, Donald C., 2014.
The Admissibility of Business Records as Legal Evidence : A Review of the Business Records Exception to the Hearsay Rule in Canada
in: Archivaria, 78 (Fall 2014)

Forde, Helen, 2004.
“We must remember our past so that we do not repeat it”
in: Journal of the Society of Archivists, Vol. 25, Issue 2 (2004), pp. 117-122.

Rodríguez Freire, Raúl; Ruiz Cabello, Olga y Fernández Hernández , Claudia, 2009.
Accesso público a la memoria: El rol de los archivos testimoniales en la democratización de las sociedades postdictatoriales.
Corporación parque por la Paz Villa Grimaldi. Link

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Gauck, Joachim, 1994.
Dealing with a Stasi Past
in: Daedalus, 123/1, pp. 277-284.

Gilliland, Anne J., 2014.
Moving past: probing the agency and affect of recordkeeping in individual and community lives in post-conflict Croatia
in: Archival Science, Vol. 14, Issue 3 (October 2014), pp. 249-274.

González Vera, Myrian, 2002.
Los Archivos del Terror de Paraguay. La historia oculta de la represión
in: Ludmila Da Silva Catela et al. (Eds.), Los archivos de la represión: documentos, memoria y verdad, Madrid, pp. 85-115.

González Quintana, Antonio, 2009.
Archival Policies in the Protection of Human Rights
International Council on Archives, Paris. Link

González Quintana, Antonio, 2007.
La política archivística del Gobierno español y la ausencia de gestión del pasado desde el comienzo de la Transición
in: Hispania Nova. Revista de Historia Contemporánea, 7. Link

González Quintana, Antonio, 2007.
Le devenir des archives dans les régimes post-autoritaire
in: La Gazette des archives, 206, 2.

González Quintana, Antonio, 2004.
Los Archivos de la Represión: Balance y Perspectivas
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, 2 (2004), pp. 59-74.

González Quintana, Antonio, 1999.
Archivos y Derechos Humanos
in: Boletín de ANABAD, 3-4 (julio-diciembre), pp. 371-389.

Gooda, Mick, 2012.
The practical power of human rights: how international human rights standards can inform archival and record keeping practices
in: Archival Science, 12 (2012), pp. 141-150.

Graf, Christoph, 2004.
Archive und Demokratie in der Informationsgesellschaft
in: Studien und Quellen, 30, pp. 227-268. Link

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Halilovich, Hariz, 2014.
Reclaiming erased lives: archives, records and memories in post-war Bosnia and the Bosnian diaspora
in: Archival Science, Vol. 14, Issue 3 (October 2014), pp. 231-247.

Harris, Verne, 2014.
Antonyms of our remembering
in: Archival Science, Vol. 14, Issue 3 (October 2014), pp. 215-229.

Harris, Verne, 2014.
Twenty years of post-apartheid archiving: have we reckoned with the past, or has the past reckoned with us?
in: Journal of the South African Society of Archivists, Vol. 47.

Harris, Verne, 2007.
Archives and Justice: A South African Perspective
in: Society of American Archivists, Chicago.

Harris, Verne, 2002.
“They Should Have Destroyed More”: The Destruction of Records by the South African State in the Final Years of Apartheid
in: Richard J. Cox et al. (Eds.), Archives and the Public Good, Westport, pp. 205-228. Link

Hubrecht, Joël, 2007.
Un précieux gâchis : les archives du procès Milosevic
in: La Gazette des archives, 206, 2.

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2013.
Securing Police Archives: A Guide for Practitioners
Swisspeace, Essential 2/2013. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2012.
Human Rights, Human Wrongs and Archives
in: Arch-E. Revista Andaluza de Archivos, 5, pp. 114-124. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2010.
Archives against Amnesia
in: Politorbis, 50, 3/2010, pp. 123-131. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2008.
Temporary Courts, Permanent Records
Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2005.
Final Acts. A Guide to Preserving the Records of Truth Commissions
Woodrow Wilson Center Press, Washington, D.C. Link

Huskamp Peterson, Trudy, 2004.
Truth and the Records of Truth Commissions
in: Studien und Quellen, 30, pp. 215-226. Link

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Jacobs, Christophe, 2008.
Lorsque la coopération internationale s’intéresse aux archives : l’exemple de la Tunisie
in: Comma, International Journal on Archives, Issue 1 (2008), pp. 117-122.

Jacobsen, Trond, 2013.
Invoking "collective memory": mapping the emergence of a concept in archival science
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